One of the objectives of the Information Society is the introduction and utilisation of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to the field of education and training. New technologies, and, more specifically, the Internet, are means which if used in all the levels of education (primary to tertiary) will offer multiple benefits to the educational process. The students of all the levels of educations will have at their disposal more means in order to learn and the educational process will not be restricted in the use of one book. Technology has the power to present the lesson and the information in multiple ways (text, sound, images) creating more motives for learning and knowledge.
At the same time, the next generations of trained technology users will be prepared; this fact is expected to positively influence the work environment in the future as well as social development, in general.
|Description - Objective
Education is included in the first Priority Axis of the OP “IS” and aims at the adaptation of the Greek educational system to the digital era. An important step towards this direction will be the development of e-school and e-university.
E-school concerns the development of infrastructures for the provision of e-services for the Primary and Secondary levels of education while e-university concerns the Tertiary level of education (including administrative services).
The objective is to achieve a very high level of provided services while at the same time to create the conditions for easier access to these services through the Internet.
The result of all this effort will be the decrease in expenses through the simplification of bureaucratic mechanisms and the support of the service provision procedures for citizens with the use of Information and Communications Technologies so that the response time to their requests will be minimized.
At the same time, another aim is the provision of unified information services for citizens. The relevant content will be distributed in various ways, including the support of the people with special needs.
The e-school and e-university actions concern the development of infrastructures for the provision of e-services which include:
- The publication of texts and information packages;
- The provision of information for the interested parties with the use of electronic means, such as web sites, e-mail, fax, Frequent Asked Questions etc;
- The possibility for electronic submission of applications, their monitoring and answering; and
- Combined services which include the provision of service for citizens (students, teachers, parents, contractors, suppliers) from centers offering unified services to different levels and fields of education.
More analytically, for the units of primary, secondary and technical- occupational education, secretarial support applications amd a central base for storing data about school units will be implemented as well as a system facilitating access to selected sub-totals of the central data base.
As concerns tertiary education, the applications to be implemented will support the secretariats of the departments about all academic subjects and the relevant administrative services of the Higher Educational Institutes with which the other categories of citizens come into contact with in order to be serviced.
The Greek e-school and e-university actions are integrated in the framework of the Community policy e-Learning, which, in its turn, belongs to i2010 strategy and eEurope action; through these the European Union aims at improving the quality and access to the European education and training systems through the use of information and communication technologies.
The use of new technologies in education and the networking between schools, universities as well as the academic community is expected to be a big step for the creation of the knowledge based society in every day life. Education is a privileged area for the development of new technologies given the fact that young people are particularly receptive to them.
The benefits will be many for all the categories of the involved users: students of all levels, teachers and academics.
In a country such as Greece with the specific geographical characteristics, new technologies will considerably contribute to the transmission of knowledge, especially to remote mountainous or island regions, where access to knowledge is difficult. The same benefits will exist for the people with special needs. The use of ICTs is expected to drastically contribute to the increase of the participation of People with Special Needs in education.
Furthermore, the infrastructures and applications that will be implemented will dramatically contribute to the following fields:
- Decrease in expenses (lower cost)
- Creation of digital libraries for easy access for all interested parties
- Development of innovations based on new technologies
- Interactive education
- Simulations (e.g. experiments with the use of modern means)
- Creation of new software
- Computerisation of the administrative services of education
Therefore, upon the successful progress of the two actions –e-School and e-University- the schools and universities of the country will be much more modern and effective and will provide many more opportunities than today for teachers and students as well as all the other people having some kind of transaction with these institutes. At a long-term level, furthermore, the benefits will not be restricted to the educational community but will be disseminated to the whole social web.